Calmosine Sleep: Validating the Results of our 58 Child Study
The sleep of our toddlers is often disturbed... Parents worry about this and if left unresolved, such disturbances can result in the whole family suffering. In order to find natural solutions to improve everyone's daily life, a survey developed by the Parents Magazine team was conducted amongst their readers.
Feeding baby from 2 months: Some points of reference
From the age of 2 months and throughout their ongoing growth from that point, your child’s nutritional needs change. They gradually increase their milk rations. At this age, your little one will still be feeding exclusively on milk (breast or infant formula) 1. They may still be waking up in the middle of the night to eat, but slowly their appetite is gradually being regulated. It’s important to remember that from birth to around the ages of 4 to 6 months your child will have an exclusive milk diet (breast milk or infant milk) 2.
Feeding the breastfed baby: What is the normal rhythm of a breastfed child?
It is recognised that the most suitable milk for an infant is that of their mother. There are multiple advantages: it provides a balanced nutrition, protection against infectious and allergic risks and it is adapted to the physiological needs of the child3.
If you breastfeed your baby, you can continue to breastfeed on demand4. This allows your child to adapt their food intake to their needs. We all have small or big eaters around us. The same is true for your child. Some babies will tend to take smaller amounts of food frequently, while others will prefer longer but less frequent feedings. It is important to respect baby’s rhythm so you do not disturb your child’s hunger and satisfaction signals. We know this can be tough where many mothers would prefer to have more time between feedings. Remain patient, it is likely that at this age your baby will start to space out the feeds little by little as they continue to evolve.
From 2 months old, your baby can already space out their feeding cycles for 3 to 4 hours or more. This may differ slightly with breast milk which is more digestible than artificial milk, meaning that a breastfed baby may not be satisfied for as long as a child feeding from a bottle. This is totally normal! If at 2 months a bottle-fed child takes about 5 to 6 bottles a day, breastfed babies can still have 8 or more feeds during the same time period. Whether at 2 months, 3 months or 6 months, trust your child to manage their own rhythm5.
Baby food: your child is bottle-fed (infant milk)
In this scenario, infant formula milk is your baby’s main food until the age of around 6 months. Infant milk is adapted to the nutritional needs of the baby and its composition is strictly regulated. It is formulated to come as close as possible to breast milk and is therefore very different from conventional cow’s milk6.
At 2 months, your baby drinks on average 5 to 6 bottles of infant milk in a 24-hour period. Their appetite is gradually regulated. At 3 months and 4 months, the quantities you give to your child increase regularly but the number of bottles varies little. It is generally 5 bottles per day. From 4 months, your child may take more than 4 bottles per day, but more because the capacity of their stomach grows as they continue to evolve. If your child systematically finishes their bottle and does not seem full, you can increase the amount of 1 to 2 bottles during the day and see if it suits them better7. Your doctor is there to support you and to help determine with you the quantities of bottle milk most suitable for your child.
Some important recommendations7
Do not force baby to finish their bottle, let them consume what they need. If they drink less from a bottle than usual, they will probably be looking at you for the next bottle sooner – we’re sure you will get the signal! The key point here is that baby won’t necessarily drink the same amount with each bottle feed. It’s not the total amount of milk over 24 hours that matters. Remember each baby is different, and that the amount of breast or infant milk taken depends on your baby’s age, body size and birth weight.
Be careful when preparing baby bottles: 1 level scoop of powder for 30mL of water. Do not make a half dose.
In hot weather, upon prior consultation and approval from a medical professional, you may wish to consider offering your baby water in addition to their milk bottles. It’s really important to only give baby water suitable for feeding new-borns to your baby (mineral water or spring water suitable for feeding infants). In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe an oral rehydration solution for your child. They will only be used on medical advice.
Vegetable drinks called “milk” should not be used to feed a baby. They do not meet the specific nutritional needs of infants and can lead to deficiencies.
Is my baby drinking enough?
To find out if your child is getting enough food, your health visitor monitors their growth chart and weight monthly.
At home, you can have a few simple guidelines to know if your baby is drinking enough:
- Watch their nappies which must be very heavy at each change (around 6 per day). Their stools must also be daily (minimum 1 to 2 per day).
- At the end of a feeding or a bottle, your baby is calm and soothed.
- You may also realise that their baby clothes are getting too small.
- They have increasingly frequent awake periods during which baby does not ask for food.
Should I weigh my baby?
In terms of weight gain, apart from pathologies or specific indications from your doctor, there is no need to weigh your baby every week8. As a rough guide, you should know that a baby generally gains between 100 and 200 grams per week for the first six months.
Feeding baby over 4 months: What changes?
From the 4th month, it may be possible to add 2 teaspoons of “flour” or “cereals” for infants (gluten-free) in the evening bottle for the heavy eaters, but it is important to note that this provides no nutritional benefit7.
It is recommended by the WHO to start dietary diversification from 6 months9, but it can be started from 4 months only after taking advice from your doctor and if your child seems ready.
Minor digestive problems in babies
At this young age, minor digestive problems, which are well known to mothers, can begin to appear. Rest assured, these kinds of little worries are common and most often revert back to normal after a few weeks. However, here are some tips which may help you and your little one to better endure what can be a challenging period: herbal medicine, homeopathy, probiotics, osteopathy, babywearing, massage … these solutions exist to help you all through what can turn out to be a challenging stage.
If your baby is bottle-fed, it is also possible to use milk formulated to reduce these types of mild digestion disorders, but we’d suggest that you avoid changing milk too often. In fact, it is best to seek the advice of your health visitor or midwife before changing milk. They can advise you on the milk most suited to your child’s needs.
Some tips to help support baby’s digestion
- Pay attention to the position of your baby during the bottle or feeding. Your baby should be placed in front of you, their belly against your belly, and the hips, shoulders and head in one direction. When bottle-feeding, your baby should be relaxed and straight/stretched out and not curled up on themselves.
- Burp your baby before laying them down, keeping them flat against you.
- Respect their food rations, do not force them to finish their bottle.
- When feeding baby, if possible avoid all distractions; loud noises, screens, mobile phones … Be present for them and attentive to their contact needs during their feed.
- Take your time. If your baby is drinking fast, take short breaks so that they can burp if necessary. Remember, that just like for adults, if your baby eats too fast, it can make their stomach ache too.
- Be careful that your baby does not drink air while sucking, paying attention that there is always milk in the nipple of the bottle and especially as the bottle empties.
- Avoid shaking the bottle too much when mixing the formula powder and water. This can create small air bubbles in the milk. Prefer rolling the bottle between your hands. If the milk and powder are difficult to mix and you have to shake the bottle, wait at least 1 minute before giving it to your baby so that the small bubbles are eliminated.
This article has been translated and adapted from an article which was first written by Camille Paris, a French Midwife and published by Laudavie. For full references and sources please click here.
Designed and produced in France, the Calmosine organic range is certified organic by the independent body Ecocert which approves the selection of raw materials, formulation, manufacturing process and labelling. Calmosine Digestion contains organic plant extracts from plants grown and harvested by farmers committed to using sustainable and environmentally friendly growing methods.